FACE Family Program provides support and complete care to children living without parental care (orphans, abandoned children, children in need of protection), and supporting children to reintegrate their family or to find a foster (kafala) family.
The Family program used to be called the « Early Childhood Program », which mainly consisted in providing best standards of care to abandoned children and orphans in the FACE centres and in supporting Government orphanages to improve their standards of care.
Since 2014, FACE has initiated an essential strategic turn, in order to better answer to the needs of children through a gradual deinstitutionalisation of its programs. FACE is moving toward Family based care option in order to give a chance to all children to grow up within a caring family.
Over 450 registered childcare institutions are housing an estimate 12,000 orphans
High number of unregistered private institutions
Charity in favour of orphans/orphanages is deeply rooted in the Egyptian culture and religious practices.
Main causes of child abandonment: strong social stigma against children born out of wedding, poverty of parents who can no longer afford to look after their children. Children abandoned in young age are in a large majority institutionalised.
No adoption in the western sense in Egypt but a system of Kafala, form of foster care where children keep their biological family name
Most children institutions:
Are run with low paid, non-trained, low-skilled staff
Have no Child protection reporting mechanics to prevent and react to situations of abuse
High standards of physical, intellectual and emotional care provided to all children. All children who have reached schooling age are integrated in local community schools. FACE teams, composed of 140 staff (carers, social workers, psychometricians, psychologists, teachers, cooks, cleaners, Manegers, trainers, drivers, guards, stock …) ensure children are socially integrated in the local community and do not remain “locked” in the FACE centers.
International standards Child protection policy effectively implemented in all centers (all staff are regularly trained and Child protection officers are in charge to monitor the implementation of Child protection policy in all centers.
Priority given to family based placement.
All staff receive training in child-care techniques, child protection, psychomotricity, social work, non-formal education, first aid, etc.
FACE is preparing to create community/family based options for children staying in its centers, group homes (with a maximum of 5 to 6 children) and placement of children into foster (kafala) families will be further developed.
FACE Care Centers
Teams in the 4 FACE centers are providing high standards of care to 150-200 children per year.
- 1 center in Maadi hosts 45 abandoned babies aged 0 to 2 years old.
- 1 center in Banha hosts 35 children aged 2 to 5 years old.
- 1 center in Obour hosts 50 children aged 6 to 12
- 1 center in Sherouk hosts 30 children and youth over 12
It means FACE wants to place as many children as possible in a family setting
- Assessing the situation of children referred to FACE centers; in order to preventunnecessary institutionalisation (by supporting families instead of automaticallyinstitutionalising children…)
- Assessing the situation of all children in FACE centers to identify possibilities ofplacement into family/extended family
- Reinforcing the placement of children into kafala families
A team of 10 social workers specialized in case management work in support of FACE centers teams to:
- prevent unnecessary institutionalisation of children
- Provide emotional and psychosocial support to children in FACE centers
- Prepare children reintegration/placement into their family or into foster family
- Work with children families or with potential foster (kafala) families in order toprepare them to be better able to take care of their (foster) children.
Since 2004, Over 270 children have been supported to be reintegrated into their family or placed within a foster (kafala) family.